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is one of the mostly common spoken languages. In fact Arabic is the 5th common language in the world. Around 300 million people speak Arabic around the globe. Classical Arabic is the language of the Quran, which is the sacred book of Muslims around the world. There are a lot of facts and information about the Arabic language that are going to be explained in the coming lines.
Arabic is a Semitic Language :
For those interested to learn Arabic language, you need to know that Arabic belongs to the Semitic language family which includes Aramaic and Hebrew. It is the most common spoken Semitic language in fact. Arabic is the official language for the Middle East countries as well as the horn and the north of Africa. Arabic is also one of the oldest spoken language and it carries a great history and civilization behind.
There are two Arabic versions :
Arabic language can be divided into two versions Modern Arabic and Classical Arabic. Classical Arabic is the official language and it is the language of the Quran. Classical Arabic does not change and it is the only way for you to learn Arabic language in an academic way. It is used in formal situations. It is also used in newspaper, books, academic researches and study books. As classical Arabic is most used in written context, Modern Arabic is used in the daily spoken contexts.
Arabic Alphabet consists of 28 letters. Learning Arabic Alphabet is the first step to learn Arabic language. If you are interested to learn Arabic Writing you need to know some information. Arabic is a language that is written from right to left. Arabic is written in the cursive way. To learn Arabic alphabet and to learn Arabic writing, you need to pay much attention to dots. Dots are used to differentiate a letter from another. A single dot, which may be added by mistake, can make a certain word mean a completely different meaning.
As Arabic language is considered as a Semitic language, Arabic grammar is similar to other Semitic languages. As for classical Arabic grammar, we find that it is divided into five branches:
- Lexicon: which is concerned with the meaning and the explanation of Arabic Vocabulary
- Morphology: It deals with the form of the words.
- Syntax: It is about inflection; however it is lost in spoken Arabic language between Arabs. However, you have to study it when you learn to speak Arabic in an academic way.
- Derivation: It is the study of the origin of the words.
- Rhetoric: It is the study of the construction quality of sentences.
The oldest form of Arabic literature is poetry. Arabic literature has a great old history. The history of Arabic literature goes back to 16 centuries ago. It began in the Arabian Peninsula. If you decide to learn Arabic Language, you will deal with the Arabic literature in a way or another. Arabic literature is very important for those who are interested to learn Arabic language as well as Arabic grammar.